Problem: Trip

It is strange, but most people start planning their vacations well in advance. A young programmer from Bulgaria has certain budget and spare time in a particular season.

Write a program that accepts as input the budget (in BGN – Bulgarian levs) and season, and as output displays programmer's vacation place and the amount of money they will spend.

The budget determines the destination, and the season determines what amount of the budget will be spent. If the season is summer, the programmer will go camping, if it is winter – they will stay in a hotel. If it is in Europe, regardless of the season, the programmer will stay in a hotel. Each camp or hotel, according to the destination, has its own price, which corresponds to a particular percentage of the budget:

  • If 100 BGN or less – somewhere in Bulgaria.
    • Summer30% of the budget.
    • Winter70% of the budget.
  • If 1000 BGN or less – somewhere on the Balkans.
    • Summer40% of the budget.
    • Winter80% of the budget.
  • If more than 1000 BGN – somewhere in Europe.
    • Upon traveling in Europe, regardless of the season, the programmer will spend 90% of the budget.

Input Data

The input data will be read from the console and will consist of two lines:

  • The first line holds the budgetreal number in the range [10.00 … 5000.00].
  • The second line holds one of two possible seasons: "summer" or "winter".

Output Data

Two lines must be printed on the console.

  • On the first line – "Somewhere in {destination}" among "Bulgaria", "Balkans" and "Europe".
  • On the second line – "{Vacation type} – {Amount spent}".
    • The Vacation can be in a "Camp" or "Hotel".
    • The Amount must be rounded up to the second digit after the decimal point.

Sample Input and Output

Input Output
50
summer
Somewhere in Bulgaria
Camp - 15.00
75
winter
Somewhere in Bulgaria
Hotel - 52.50
312
summer
Somewhere in Balkans
Camp - 124.80
678.53
winter
Somewhere in Balkans
Hotel - 542.82
1500
summer
Somewhere in Europe
Hotel - 1350.00

Hints and Guidelines

Typically, as for the other tasks, we can separate the solution into the following parts: reading the input data, doing calculations, printing the result.

Processing the Input Data

While reading carefully the requirements, we understand that we expect two lines of input data. The first parameter is a real number, for which we need to pick an appropriate variable type. For higher level of calculation accuracy, we can pick decimal as a variable for the budget and – string for the season.

Always take into consideration what value type is passed in the input data, as well as what type these need to be converted to, in order for the program conditions to work properly!

Example: When you need to do money calculations in a task, use decimal for higher level of accuracy.

Calculations

Let's create and initialize the variables needed for applying the logic and calculations.

Similarly to the example in the previous task, we can initialize variables with some of the output results, in order to spare additional initialization.

When examining once again the problem requirements, we notice that the main distribution of where the vacation will take place is determined by the value of the budget, i.e. our main logic is divided into two cases:

  • If the budget is less than a particular value.
  • If it is less than another value or is more than the specified border value.

Based on the way we arrange the logical scheme (the order in which we will check the border values), we will have more or less conditions in the solution. Why?

After that, we need to apply a condition to check the value of the season. Based on it, we will determine what percentage of the budget will be spent, as well as where the programmer will stay – in a hotel or a camp.

Calculations

Let's create and initialize the variables needed for applying the logic and calculations.

Similarly to the example in the previous task, we can initialize variables with some of the output results, in order to spare additional initialization.

When examining once again the problem requirements, we notice that the main distribution of where the vacation will take place is determined by the value of the budget, i.e. our main logic is divided into two cases:

  • If the budget is less than a particular value.
  • If it is less than another value or is more than the specified border value.

Based on the way we arrange the logical scheme (the order in which we will check the border values), we will have more or less conditions in the solution. Why?

After that, we need to apply a condition to check the value of the season. Based on it, we will determine what percentage of the budget will be spent, as well as where the programmer will stay – in a hotel or a camp.

Printing the Result

What remains is to display the calculated result on the console:

Testing in the Judge System

Test your solution here: https://judge.softuni.org/Contests/Practice/Index/509#1.

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