Problem: Fibonacci Numbers

Fibonacci's numbers in mathematics form a sequence that looks like this: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, ….

The formula to form the sequence is:

F0 = 1
F1 = 1
Fn = Fn-1 + Fn-2

Sample Input and Output

Input (n) Output Comment
10 89 F(11) = F(9) + F(8)
5 8 F(5) = F(4) + F(3)
20 10946 F(20) = F(19) + F(18)
0 1
1 1

Enter an integer number n and calculate n-number of Fibonacci.

Tips and Tricks

An idea to solve the problem:

  • We create a variable n to which we assign an integer value from the console input.
  • We create the variables f0 and f1 to which we assign a value of 1, since the sequence starts.
  • We create a for loop with condition the current value i < n - 1.
  • In the body of the loop:
    • We create a temporary variable fNext, to which we assign the next number in the Fibonacci sequence.
    • At f0 we assign the current value of f1.
    • At f1 we assign the value of the temporary variable fNext.
  • Out of the loop we print the n-th number of Fibonacci.

Example implementation:

Testing in the Judge System

Test your solution here: https://judge.softuni.bg/Contests/Practice/Index/514#13.

results matching ""

    No results matching ""